Franco's armed insurrection took place and succeeded thanks to the material and ideological support of Italy and Germany. What happened in Spain continued to have repercussions on the European geopolitical chessboard in the years that followed. Hence the interest in delving deeper into the role played by these countries in the civil war.
In this study we will focus on the strategic bombing of the Republican rearguard by the Aviazione Legionaria delle Baleari, paying particular attention to the escalation of terror that targeted Barcelona. Abundant graphic documentation, which gives an account of the number, location, use of bombs and their effects on the ground, supports - together with other primary evidence - our analysis.