Madrid bombed, a map for memory

Eighty years after the end of the horror of the war, the map Madrid bombed 1936-1939 offers a visualisation of the urbicide of Madrid, a consequence of the systematic aerial and artillery bombardments suffered by the city during the Civil War. Madrid was the first major city to suffer modern bombing.

The development of aeronautical technology was put at the service of an unprecedented destructive capacity to provoke, as a declared military objective, the demoralisation of the civilian population. This was the first large-scale test of Douhet's aeronautical military theories. It was also a rehearsal of the weaponry and tactics that, a few months later, would be put into practice on an even larger scale in many other European cities.

However, unlike other cities massacred by bombs, such as London or Coventry, where there is a collective and institutional memory, this common past was silenced in Spain for decades. A forgetfulness induced by a regime interested in disseminating an image of Madrid as a capital of victory, rather than as a population victim of violence.

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Enrique Bordes Cabrera
Enrique Bordes Cabrera

PhD in Architecture from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and associate professor in the Department of Graphic Design. In his professional practice he works in museography, publishing and curating, with a special focus on photographic narrative in architecture and the city. In 2017 he published his doctoral thesis Cómic, arquitectura narrativa with Cátedra, which serves as the basis for the exhibition Beatos, mecachis y percebes, miles de años de tebeos at the Biblioteca Nacional.

Luis de Sobrón Martínez
Luis de Sobrón Martínez

Architect (2001) and PhD in Conservation and Restoration of Architectural Heritage (2016) from the Polytechnic University of Madrid. Associate Professor at the ETS of Architecture of Madrid, where I teach Geometry and Drawing of Architecture 2 and Experimental Workshop of Graphic Design of the official degree in Architectural Foundations, as well as in the subject of Graphic Expression of the Degree in Interior Design and in the Master of Ephemeral Architecture. My main line of research focuses on the drawing of the city as a tool for research and analysis of urban form and its historical evolution.